Most Israeli Arabs are decendents of the Hebrews who did not leave the country after the Romans sent the people into exile. Instead they remained and made the religious and cultural changes necessary in order to remain on the land. During the Byzantine era they became Christians, when the Moslems conquered the land they became Muslims.
Their attachment and commitment to the land was stronger then their commitment to the religion.
This is the thesis of Tsvi Misinai a former pioneer of the Israeli software industry who now devotes his time and energy to the investigation of this idea.
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